What Can I Do With an ITIN Number What Is An ITIN Number, Where and How To Apply For One

Individual card companies will have slightly different processes, but the general structure of applying is similar enough. You will only file a tax return to the address above once, when you file Form W-7 to get an ITIN. In subsequent years, when you have an ITIN, you will file your tax return as directed in the form instructions. The searchable IRS directory helps taxpayers find tax return preparers in their area who have completed the program or hold professional credentials recognized by the IRS.

  • Open a bank account or apply for a mortgage loan, if you qualify.
  • This does, though, also depend on an applicant family’s income.
  • ITINs do not serve any purpose other than federal tax reporting.

An ITIN will serve as your identification number for filing your taxes. With tax professionals and Certified Acceptance Agents (CAAs) nationwide, our offices are well-equipped to guide you through the ITIN application or ITIN renewal process. They don’t entitle the taxpayer to Social Security benefits, stimulus payments,  or other benefits. To obtain an ITIN, you must complete IRS Form W-7, IRS Application for Individual Taxpayer Identification Number.

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While it is not necessary if you are not planning to file a return or claim a refund immediately, you will need to renew it if you plan to file a tax return at any point in the future. It is a widespread mistruth that undocumented immigrants who work but do not have social security numbers evade paying taxes for their wages. Just because you are undocumented does not exempt you from paying taxes like a U.S. citizen or legal permanent resident would. When you open a checking account or a savings account, you’ll need to verify your identity.

You can file Form W-7, Application for IRS Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN), with your federal income tax return. You must also include original documentation or certified copies from the issuing agency to prove identity and foreign status. Following that, you will need to fill out all the biographic information, including your first, middle, and the definitive guide to becoming an enrolled agent last name, mailing address, foreign address, birth information, and information related to your immigration status. Finally, on line 6d, select the identification document you are submitting. At the very bottom of the page, you will need to sign under penalty of perjury that the information you provided is accurate and complete to the best of your knowledge.

  • This is the most recommended process because it saves you time finding a Social Security office when you come to the United States to apply.
  • Your clients must complete Form W-7, Application for Individual Taxpayer Identification Number, in conjunction with a tax return, unless your clients meet an exception to the tax filing requirement.
  • Some tax filing services offer ITIN application assistance for free when you use their paid tax prep services.

Yes, ITINs are issued for foreign nationals not eligible for an SSN. ITINs allow foreign nationals living in the US to comply with tax laws, and can also be issued for a recipient’s spouse and dependents. An SSN, or Social Security Number, is an official identification number granted to US citizens and some other residents for taxing income, and calculating benefits. An SSN is issued by the Social Administration, after the completion of an SS-5 form, and used to track a citizen’s yearly income and number of years worked. These figures are then used to determine potential state-backed financial benefits, including pension, disability income, and health insurance. The ITIN was introduced to allow foreign nationals, and migrants awaiting lawful status, to pay the correct taxes in the US.

To apply for an ITIN, fill out the application, which you can find on the IRS website. You can mail in the application, or bring it to an IRS-approved acceptance agent or an IRS taxpayer assistance center, located in cities across the United States. You’ll need to include proof of identity and foreign status; a passport or visa satisfies both.

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Anyone who earns income from the U.S. is required to get a tax ID number, since they’re obligated to pay taxes on what they earn. Open a bank account or apply for a mortgage loan, if you qualify. We believe everyone should be able to make financial decisions with confidence. If you do not want to apply for a PTIN online, use Form W-12, IRS Paid Preparer Tax Identification Number Application.

A foreign entity that completes Form SS-4 in the manner described above should be entered into IRS records as not having a filing requirement for any U.S. tax returns. Failure to respond to the IRS letter may result in a procedural assessment of tax by the IRS against the foreign entity. If the foreign entity later becomes liable to file a U.S. tax return, the foreign entity should not apply for a new EIN, but should instead use the EIN it was first issued on all U.S. tax returns filed thereafter.

After you submit your application, you’ll receive a letter from the IRS within six weeks containing your ITIN. The Individual Tax Identification Number, or ITIN, allows taxpayers who don’t have a Social Security Number (SSN) to file income tax returns. Unlike other forms of ID, ITINs only have one purpose—tax filing and reporting. Having an ITIN number won’t make you eligible for benefits, such as Social Security or earned income credits that provide refunds to some low-income filers. The Internal Revenue Service issues ITINs to foreign nationals who need taxpayer identification but aren’t eligible for a Social Security number.

How long does it take to renew an ITIN?

You should not renew it if you either received or are eligible to obtain a SSN. Apart from using an ITIN as proof of residency, you can also open an interest-bearing bank account in the United States (if you do not have a SSN). You can also use it in some states to secure a driver’s license, permit, or state ID. Find out about your state taxes—property taxes, tax rates and brackets, common forms, and much more. The IRS clarifies that you need either an ITIN or an SSN to get the Child Tax Credit. Of course, you’ll only receive that credit if meet the other reporting requirements for it.

An ITIN works in place of an SNN, and allows foreign nationals, either lawful or unlawful, to comply with US tax laws. Any foreign national living, working, and filing tax returns in the US needs an ITIN. The IRS requires that you submit original documents along with the W-7 form, so if your means of identification is your passport, that means you could be without it for a prolonged period of time.

Who’s eligible for an ITIN?

You follow the same steps as a United States citizen would take when filling out the credit card application, either online or over the phone. Some popular banks that accept ITINs for credit card applications are Chase, Bank of America, American Express, Capital One, Citi and more. Once you have a credit card, use it responsibly and pay it off on time and in full.

Why should I renew my ITIN?

However, if they transition to becoming resident aliens, they will become eligible. If you’re a foreign national business owner, you can also apply for a business credit card. Use your ITIN to apply for an employer identification number (EIN) on the IRS website. If you’d rather not visit a CAA or TAC in person, you can simply download, print, and then mail a completed W-7 form.


This is the most recommended process because it saves you time finding a Social Security office when you come to the United States to apply. Starting in 2015 both the taxpayer and qualifying child must have SSNs or ITINs by the due date of the tax return (including extensions) in order to claim the child tax credit and additional child tax credit. The same timing rule also applies to the Other Dependent Credit. If a taxpayer or qualifying child qualifies for an SSN or ITIN but waits to apply, the taxpayer may not be able to claim this credit, even if they are otherwise eligible.

Banks and companies that unfortunately do not accept an ITIN in place of a Social Security number—at least for credit card applications—are Discover, Barclays and Synchrony. No single credit card is the best option for every family, every purchase or every budget. We’ve picked the best credit cards in a way designed to be the most helpful to the widest variety of readers.